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Cable & Wireless Communications



Cable & Wireless Communications Ltd operating as C&W Communications is a telecommunications company which has operations in the Caribbean and Central America. It is owned by Liberty Latin American and is headquartered in Denver, Colorado.

Cable & Wireless Communications Ltd.
TypeSubsidiary of Liberty Latin America[1]
IndustryTelecommunications
PredecessorCable & Wireless plc
Founded2010
HeadquartersDenver, Colorado
Key people
Inge Smidts
(CEO)
RevenueUS$ 1.753 billion (2014/15)[2]
US$ 321 million (2014/15)[2]
US$ 33 million (2014/15)[2]
ParentLiberty Latin America
SubsidiariesColumbus Communications
C&W Business
C&W Networks
FLOW
BTC
Cable & Wireless Panama (+Movil)
Websitehttps://www.cwc.com/live/

It was formed when Cable & Wireless plc demerged in 2010 to form two companies (the other being Cable & Wireless Worldwide plc).

In November 2015, Liberty Global announced it would purchase Cable & Wireless Communications.[3] The company was officially acquired by Liberty Global on May 16, 2016.[4]

Following the split of Liberty Latin America from Liberty Global in 2018, Cable & Wireless became owned by Liberty Latin America.[5][6][7][8]

The company operates under a number of brands, including C&W Business, C&W Networks, Cable & Wireless Panama, BTC Bahamas and Flow. After Cable & Wireless Communications purchased Columbus Communications in 2015, it replaced its LIME brand with Columbus' Flow.

Contents


History

British and transatlantic cables and Eastern Telegraph Company (1852–1901)

The origins of Cable and Wireless Communications begin in 1852 when John Pender, a Manchester cotton merchant, joined other businessmen as director of the English and Irish Magnetic Telegraph Company. This company ran a specific point to point telegraph cable service between London and Dublin, but Pender soon began founding numerous other telegraphic cable companies to run similar point to point, national and international telegraph services. Over time, Pender amalgamated these into the single company that would form the basis for Cable and Wireless Communications.[9]

Because of the early development of point to point telegraph services, Cable and Wireless's origins embrace over 50 early telegraph, radio and telecommunications companies, many of them founded by Pender.

Pender was a financier of the Great Eastern Ship which laid the first successful transatlantic telegraph cable in 1866, beginning a new era of international telegraph communications.[10]

In 1869, Pender founded the Falmouth, Gibraltar and Malta Cable Company and the British Indian Submarine Telegraph Company, which connected the Anglo-Mediterranean cable (linking Malta to Alexandria using a cable manufactured by one of Pender's companies) to Britain and India, respectively. The London to Bombay telegraph line was completed in 1870. The London to Bombay cable was the first to land at Porthcurno in Cornwall, a location which became the company's global hub and is now home to its archive and a telegraph museum.[11]

In 1872 the three companies were merged with the Marseilles, Algiers and Malta Telegraph Company to form the Eastern Telegraph Company, with Pender as chairman.[12]

The Eastern Telegraph Company steadily took over a number of companies founded to connect the West Indies and South America, leading to a name change to The Eastern and Associated Telegraph Companies.[13]

The Eastern Telegraph Company network in 1901

Rise of wireless and transition to C&W Ltd (1901–1945)

From 1900 the near-monopoly on international communications enjoyed by the cable companies came under threat from the development of wireless radio technology. Marconi's Wireless Telegraph Company gradually developed a chain of ships using short-wave radio communications which could commercially compete with undersea cables. In 1924 Marconi succeeded in telephoning Australia using short wave radio and in the same year was given a contract by the British Post Office to set up circuits with Canada, Australia, South Africa and India (called the Post Office beam wireless service).

The 1928 Imperial Wireless & Cable Conference was convened to establish the best way to manage these two technologies and protect British interests. This led to a decision to merge the communications methods of the British Empire into one operating company, initially known as the Imperial and International Communications Ltd, and changed to Cable and Wireless Limited in 1934.[14][15] In 1936, Sir Edward Wilshaw was named chairman of the company.[16]

Nationalisation and privatisation era (1945–1999)

Following the Labour Party's victory in the 1945 general election, the British government announced its intention to nationalise Cable and Wireless, which was carried out in 1947.[14] The company continued to own assets and operate telecommunication services outside the UK, but all assets in the UK were integrated with those of the Post Office, which operated the UK's domestic telecommunications monopoly.[17]

In 1979 the Conservative Party government led by Margaret Thatcher began privatising the nationalised industries. Cable & Wireless was its first privatisation, with the sale of 49% in November 1981 (the remaining 51% was sold in two tranches in 1983 and 1985).[18]

Part of the privatisation included the granting of a licence for a UK telecommunications network, Mercury Communications Ltd, as a rival to British Telecom. It was established as a subsidiary of Cable & Wireless.[19][20] Barclays and British Petroleum were the other original investors. They were bought out by Cable & Wireless in 1984. Mercury Communications was first licensed in 1982 and became a full public telecommunications operator in 1984.

One2One was established as the trading name of Mercury Personal Communications, a joint venture partnership equally owned by Cable & Wireless and US West International, a division of US WEST Media Group. One2One launched its mobile communications services to the UK market in 1993.[21]

In October 1996, Mercury was merged with three cable operators in the UK (Vidéotron, NYNEX and Bell Cable media) and renamed Cable & Wireless Communications (in which Cable & Wireless plc owned a 53% stake).[20][22]

Following this, the group embarked on a major disposal programme, selling One2One to T-Mobile in 1999,[23] then selling its stake in CWC's consumer operations to NTL in 2000 (now Virgin Media).

International expansion of C&W (1981–2006)

During this period Cable & Wireless entered several markets which remain important parts of the Cable & Wireless Communications Group.

In 1997, Cable & Wireless bought a 50% share of the Panamanian INTEL (Instituto Nacional de Telecomunicaciones).[24] After the deal, the company was called Cable & Wireless Panama.

In 2004, the group purchased a controlling stake in Monaco Telecom from Vivendi Universal.

Transition to a demerger (2006–2010)

In 2006, group chairman Sir Richard Lapthorne made the decision to split the business into two divisions : 'Cable & Wireless International' - which managed the group's telecommunications companies in various countries; and 'Cable & Wireless Europe, Asia and US' - focused on the enterprise market with a strong presence in the UK. In November 2009, the Cable and Wireless plc board announced its intention to demerge.[25]

Pan-America focus (2010 to date)

The companies demerged on March 26, 2010 into Cable & Wireless Communications (formerly Cable & Wireless International) and Cable & Wireless Worldwide (formerly Cable & Wireless Europe, Asia and US).[26] Cable & Wireless Worldwide was subsequently purchased by Vodafone on July 27, 2012.[27]

Cable & Wireless Communications in 2010 had a global portfolio of telecoms operators in small and medium-sized markets. The company's Board determined that it would be difficult to generate the economies of scale needed in the telecoms industry from such a diverse portfolio and so determined to focus the business in the Pan-America region where it owns a number of businesses in the Caribbean and Panama.

Between 2010 and 2013 the company divested a number of businesses including in Bermuda,[28] the Channel Islands and Isle of Man, Maldives, South Atlantic[29] and Macau.[30] The company also purchased a 51% shareholding in The Bahamas Telecommunications Company on April 7, 2011.[31]

In 2014 Cable & Wireless Communications sold its stake in Monaco Telecom to the French entrepreneur Xavier Niel.[32]

On November 17, 2015, Liberty Global confirmed it had made an offer to buy the company.[3] Both companies reached an agreement on the offer in February 2016.[33]

In 2018, Liberty Latin America was spun off from Liberty Global and Cable & Wireless became owned by Liberty Latin America.[5][6][7][8]


Operations

In the Pan-America region Cable & Wireless Communications owns 14 businesses in the Caribbean and has a minority stake (49%) in TSTT in Trinidad and Tobago. In Panama it owns 49%, and has management control, of Cable & Wireless Panama, the leading full service telecoms business in Panama.

Cable & Wireless Panama and +Movil building in Via España, Panama

Panama

Its Panama business, which trades as Cable & Wireless Panama, is a provider of mobile, fixed line, broadband and pay TV services in that country. They also provide telecoms services to enterprises and governments.

Telephone services were state run by the INTEL (Instituto Nacional de TELecomunicaciones, National Telecommunications Institute, not to be confused with Intel Corporation) until 1997, when a 49% stake was sold to Cable & Wireless plc, rebranding as Cable & Wireless.[34][35] In 2010, this stake was transferred to Cable & Wireless Communications. In 2019, Liberty Global's subsidiary Liberty Latin America, took over Cable & Wireless Communications' stake in the company, rebranding as +Movil, which was formerly Cable & Wireless' brand for mobile services in the country.[36][37]

Caribbean

In the Caribbean, Cable & Wireless Communications trades as FLOW, except in The Bahamas where the business is branded BTC. It is a full-service telecoms provider and is the leader in most of the markets it serves and services it provides.

Cable & Wireless Communications also owns a minority stake (49%) in Telecommunications Services of Trinidad and Tobago (TSTT).

Seychelles

Cable & Wireless Communications operates in the Seychelles as Cable & Wireless Seychelles.[38] In November 2019, Liberty Latin America sold Cable & Wireless Seychelles to local investors.[38]


See also


References

  1. ^ http://www.lla.com [bare URL]
  2. ^ a b c "Results For the Year Ended 31 March 2015" (PDF). Cable & Wireless Communications. Retrieved March 29, 2016.
  3. ^ a b "Liberty Global to Acquire Cable and Wireless in $5.3 Billion Deal" . Bloomberg. November 17, 2015. Retrieved November 17, 2015.
  4. ^ Thomas, Daniel (May 16, 2016). "Liberty Global completes £3.5bn deal for CWC" . Financial Times. Retrieved August 18, 2020.
  5. ^ a b Taylor, Charlie. "Virgin Media parent Liberty Global spins out Latin American business" . The Irish Times. Retrieved August 18, 2020.
  6. ^ a b Avery, Greg (January 2, 2018). "Liberty Global spins off Latin America cable operations" . Denver Business Journal.
  7. ^ a b McDonald, Andrew (January 3, 2018). "Liberty Latin America completes split-off" . Digital TV Europe. Retrieved August 18, 2020.
  8. ^ a b Edwards, Al (January 3, 2018). "Liberty Global splits off Caribbean and Latin American arm" . Loop. Retrieved August 18, 2020.
  9. ^ Ken Beauchamp, History of Telegraphy (London: Institute of Electrical Engineering, 2001) p.167f
  10. ^ "History of the Atlantic Cable & Submarine Telegraphy - Cable & Wireless" . atlantic-cable.com. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
  11. ^ Porthcurno Telegraph Museum. "Porthcurno Telegraph Museum" . porthcurno.org.uk. Archived from the original on March 20, 2015. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
  12. ^ "History of the Atlantic Cable & Submarine Telegraphy - Cable & Wireless" . atlantic-cable.com. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
  13. ^ "History of the Atlantic Cable & Submarine Telegraphy - Cable & Wireless" . atlantic-cable.com. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
  14. ^ a b "History of the Atlantic Cable & Submarine Telegraphy - Cable & Wireless" . atlantic-cable.com. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
  15. ^ "Evolution of Cable and Wireless Limited (1928 - 1934)" . fundinguniverse.com. Retrieved July 30, 2012.
  16. ^ "Sir Edward Wilshaw" . Montreal Gazette. March 4, 1968. Retrieved August 7, 2013.
  17. ^ Robert A. Brady (1950). Crisis in Britain. Plans and Achievements of the Labour Government . University of California Press., on nationalization 1945-50, pp 284-306
  18. ^ "Biz/ed - 1980s Key Facts - Biz/ed" . bized.co.uk. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
  19. ^ Non BT boxes in the UK Archived November 10, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  20. ^ a b History of Mercury Communications fundinguniverse.com
  21. ^ "Cable & Wireless Communications: Our History" . Retrieved April 8, 2012.
  22. ^ Mercury's pounds 5bn merger with cable firms heralds huge telecoms indu stry shake-up Published : Independent, by Chris Godsmark and Mathew Horsman, October 23, 1996
  23. ^ Business: The Company File: One 2 One sale agreed BBC, August 6, 1999
  24. ^ News, Bloomberg (May 22, 1997). "Cable and Wireless in a Panamanian Deal" . The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331 . Retrieved August 18, 2020.
  25. ^ Cable & Wireless confirms demerger Investors Chronicle, November 6, 2009
  26. ^ Cable & Wireless demerger takes the FTSE 100 to 101 BBC, March 26, 2010
  27. ^ "Welcome to Vodafone - Cable & Wireless Worldwide Acquisition" . Vodafone. Archived from the original on June 29, 2013. Retrieved July 2, 2013.
  28. ^ "Cable & Wireless Communications divests Bermuda business and announces Share Buyback" . Cable & Wireless Communications. February 23, 2011. Retrieved July 2, 2013.
  29. ^ "Completion of the Monaco & Islands Disposal" (PDF). Cable & Wireless Communications. April 3, 2013. Retrieved July 2, 2013.
  30. ^ "Completion of Macau Disposal" (PDF). Cable & Wireless Communications. June 20, 2013. Retrieved July 2, 2013.
  31. ^ "Cable & Wireless Communications plc Completes Purchase of Bahamas Telecommunications Company" (PDF). Cable & Wireless Communications. April 7, 2011. Retrieved July 2, 2013.
  32. ^ Sandle, Paul (April 25, 2014). "Cable & Wireless sells Monaco Telecom stake to Xavier Niel" . Reuters. Retrieved March 1, 2016.
  33. ^ Dyer, Renae (February 22, 2016). "Cable & Wireless reveals further details on Liberty Global takeover" . Digital Look. Retrieved March 1, 2016.
  34. ^ https://www.nacion.com/archivo/panama-culmino-con-exito-venta-parcial-de-intel/NEU35BDJK5EDHMS2N3JSAS3V4I/story/ [bare URL]
  35. ^ https://www.panamaamerica.com.pa/nacion/panama-pierde-b-442-millones-por-privatizacion-del-intel-5191 [bare URL]
  36. ^ "Panamá culminó con éxito venta parcial de INTEL" . La Nación (in Spanish). Retrieved 2021-07-26.
  37. ^ Argentina\ (2001-01-08). "Panamá pierde B/. 442 millones por privatización del INTEL" . Panamá América (in Spanish). Retrieved 2021-07-26.
  38. ^ a b "Liberty Latin America sells Cable & Wireless Seychelles" . Loop. November 9, 2019. Retrieved August 18, 2020.

External links





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