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Layyah District



Layyah District (Urdu: ضِلع ليّہ‎), (Punjabi: ضلع ليہ), is a district in the Punjab, Pakistan. It is located in the southern part of the province. Layyah City is the district headquarter of Layyah District. Layyah has hot desert climate.[3]

Layyah District

ضِلع لیّہ
Layyah
Map of Layyah District (highlighted in red)
CountryPakistanPakistan
ProvincePunjab
HeadquartersLayyah city
Government
 • District administratorZeeshan Javaid [1]
Population
 (2017)[2]
 • Total1,824,230
Time zoneUTC+5 (PST)
Number of Tehsils3

Contents


Geography

It lies between 30–45 to 31–24 deg north latitudes and 70–44 to 71–50 deg east longitudes. The area consists of a semi-rectangular block of sandy land between the Indus River and the Chenab River in Sindh Sagar Doab. The total area covered by the district is 6,291 km2 with a width from east to west of 88 kilometres (55 mi) and a length from north to south of 72 kilometres (45 mi).


History

The town was founded around 1550 by Kamal Khan, who laid foundation of Dera Ghazi Khan. Around 1610, the town was taken from the Rulers, who held it until 1787. Abdun Nabi Sarai was appointed Governor by Timur Shah Durrani, but three years later it was included in the Governorship of Muhammad Khan Sadozai, who transferred his seat of Government to Mankera. In 1794, Humayun Shah, the rival claimant to the throne of Kabul, was captured near Layyah and brought into the town, where his eyes were put out by order of Zaman Shah. Under the Sikh Government, the town once more became the centre of administration for the neighbouring tract, and after the British occupation in 1849, was for a time the headquarters of a Civil Administrative Division. This administrative status of Layyah was short-lived and the British reduced it to the level of Tehsil headquarters, making it a part of Dera Ismail Khan. In 1901, Layyah was transferred to the new District of Mianwali. Later on, it was made part of the Muzaffargarh District. In 1982, Layyah Tehsil was upgraded to District headquarters comprising three Tehsils: Layyah, Karor and Chaubara. The municipality was created in 1875.[4]


Administrative divisions

The district of Layyah is made up of three tehsils:[5]

  1. Chaubara Tehsil
  2. Karor Lal Esan Tehsil
  3. Layyah Tehsil

Main Towns

There are three main towns of District Layyah are:[6]

  1. Chowk Azam
  2. Fatehpur
  3. Kot Sultan

Education

According to Pakistan District Education Ranking, a report released by Alif Ailaan, Layyah is ranked at number 38 out of 155 districts nationally with an education score of 66.76. The learning score of Layyah is 70.8.[7] The readiness score of Layyah is 65.13 ranking the district at number 31. Furthermore, the school infrastructure score of Layyah is 94.38, placing it a national rank of 18.[7] The score reflects that most schools in Layyah have all basic facilities e.g. electricity, drinking water and functional toilets. The issues reported in TaleemDo! App by the residents of Layyah suggest that students of government schools have low confidence as compared to private schools, but the students can’t go to private schools because of high fees. Complaints about quality of teachers and a few basic facilities are also the issues reported in the app.


Higher Education

In education Layyah is improving day by day.[8]

Public Sector Colleges

There are 20 colleges available for the education of males and females of Layyah.[9]

  1. Boys 06
  2. Girls 09
  3. Commerce 05
Total 20

Private Sector Colleges

  1. Boys 08
  2. Girls 03
  3. Commerce & Business 03
Total 14

Public Sector Universities

  1. Bahadar Sub-Campus of BZU[10]

Departments

  • Department of Business Administration
  • Department of English
  • Department of Economics
  • Department of Psychology
  • Department of Sociology
  • Department of Education

Colleges

  • College of Veterinary Sciences
  • College of Agriculture

Private Sector Universities

  1. Govt. College University Faisalabad (Layyah Campus)
  2. University of Education, Lahore (Layyah Campus)
  3. Govt. College University, Lahore (Layyah Campus)
  4. National College of Business Administration & Economics Lahore (Layyah Campus)

Small Dams

There are 13 small dams in the district to provide water for irrigation.[11]

  1. Khokher Zer Dam
  2. Surlah Dam
  3. Dhok Talian Dam
  4. Kot Raja Dam
  5. Dhoke Qutab Din Dam
  6. Nikka Dam
  7. Walana Dam
  8. Khai Gurabh Dam
  9. Pira Fatehal Dam
  10. Bhagtal Dam
  11. Dhurnal Dam
  12. Mial Dam
  13. Kanwal Dam
  14. Dhrabi Dam
  15. Khai Dam
  16. Chowkhandi Dam
  17. Minwal Dam

Industries

There are multiple industries in Layyah.[8]

  • Sugar Mill 01
  • Rice Factories 15
  • Cotton Ginning Factories 25
  • Ice Factories 18
  • Vegetable Ghee Factory 0
  • Cold Storage 05
  • Flour Mills 13
Total 78

Land Statistics

Land of Layyah is categorized in 6 parts.[8]

  • Cultivated Area 10, 12,828 Acres
  • Irrigated Area 8,32,306 Acres
  • Barani Area 1,80,522 Acres
  • Uncultivated Area 5, 39,820 Acres
  • Culture able Waste 59,600 Acres
  • Un-Culture able Area 4,80,220 Acres

Types of irrigation

Irrigation of layyah is divided in 3 types.[8]

  • Revierian Area 2,01,572 Acres
  • Thal Irrigated Area 6,70,633 Acres
  • Thal Barani Area 6,80,433 Acres

Transportation

There are 2 main means of transportation used in layyah listed below.[12]

Road Network

Road Network of the district is linked as:

Layyah toward Kot Addu-Muzaffargarh,
D.G.Khan, Rajanpur and so on to Karachi
Layyah to Bhakhar-Mianwali and so on to Islamabad
Layyah to Multan
Layyah to Jhang-Toba Tek Singh-Faisalabad-Sahiwal and so on to Lahore

Rail Network

Rail Network of the district is linked as:

Rail Network also available for Layyah to Muzaffargarh & Multan and Layyah to Bhakkar - Mianwali to Rawalpindi / Islamabad


Floods

Sehar village residents flood-prone Layyah district, had seen their homes repeatedly inundated and they finally took matters into their own hands and rebuilt their homes on raised dirt platforms five to six feet high, shored up with eucalyptus trees planted around the edges.[13][14][15]


Demography

The population, according to the 1998 census was 2 Million. Per capita income during the ten years ending 1902-3 averaged Rs. 9,900, and expenditure Rs. 10,100. In 1903-4, the income was Rs. 10,600, chiefly derived from octroi, and the expenditure was Rs. 10,600.

According to the 2011 district census the Muslim population is by far the largest religious group, constituting 98.7% of the population, followed by Christians, who are barely 1% of the population and are equally spread among the urban and rural area locations.[citation needed]

According to the 1998 census, 62% of the district's population spoke Saraiki as a first language.[16] Punjabi was spoken by 33%, and Urdu – by 3.1%.[17]:32


Gallery


References

  1. ^ "Our DCOs / DCs | Layyah" . layyah.punjab.gov.pk.
  2. ^ "DISTRICT WISE CENSUS RESULTS CENSUS 2017" (PDF). www.pbs.gov.pk.
  3. ^ "Climate | Layyah" . layyah.punjab.gov.pk.
  4. ^ History Layyah Archived 5 April 2019 at the Wayback Machine.
  5. ^ "Three Tehsils of Layyah District" . punjab.gov.pk. Punjab Portal. Retrieved 20 November 2019.
  6. ^ "Layyah | Punjab Portal" . www.punjab.gov.pk.
  7. ^ a b "Pakistan District Education Rankings 2017" (PDF). elections.alifailaan.pk. Alif Ailaan. Retrieved 20 November 2019.
  8. ^ a b c d "District Profile | Layyah" . layyah.punjab.gov.pk.
  9. ^ https://hed.punjab.gov.pk/system/files/DGKhan_College.pdf
  10. ^ "BZU Sub-Campus Bahadur, Layyah -Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan" . www.bzu.edu.pk.
  11. ^ "Small Dams | Layyah" . layyah.punjab.gov.pk.
  12. ^ "Transportation | Layyah" . layyah.punjab.gov.pk.
  13. ^ "In homegrown innovation, Sehar village rises above flood woes" . DAWN.COM. 16 November 2015.
  14. ^ Correspondent, The Newspaper's (23 July 2015). "Fight against fury as Layyah's 382 villages inundated" . DAWN.COM.
  15. ^ Haider, Dawn com | Irfan (21 July 2015). "Relief operations under way in flood-hit areas" . DAWN.COM.
  16. ^ "Mother tongue": defined as the language of communication between parents and children, and recorded of each individual.
  17. ^ 1998 District Census report of Layyah. Census publication. 103. Islamabad: Population Census Organization, Statistics Division, Government of Pakistan. 2000.





Source


Information as of: 16.08.2021 04:24:38 CEST

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