Robot Framework

Robot Framework is a generic test automation framework for acceptance testing and acceptance test-driven development (ATDD). It is a keyword-driven testing framework that uses tabular test data syntax.[1]

Robot Framework
Robot Framework Logo
Developer(s)Pekka Klärck, Janne Härkönen et al.
Initial release2.0 June 24, 2008
Stable release
4.0.2 / May 11, 2021; 2 months ago
Repository Edit this at Wikidata
Written inPython
Operating systemCross-platform
TypeSoftware testing framework / test tool
LicenseApache License 2.0



The basic ideas for Robot Framework were shaped in Pekka Klärck's masters thesis[2] in 2005. The first version was developed at Nokia Networks the same year. Version 2.0 was released as open source software June 24, 2008 and version 3.0.2 was released February 7, 2017.[3]

The framework is written using the Python programming language and has an active community of contributors. It is released under Apache License 2.0 and can be downloaded from


Test cases are written using a keyword-testing methodology written in a tabular format. These tables can be written in plain text, tab-separated values (TSV), or reStructuredText (reST) formats files[4] in any text editor or using the Robot Integrated Development Environment (RIDE).[5] RIDE simplifies writing test cases by providing framework-specific code completion, syntax highlighting, etc.


The following test case implements a Hello, World! example:

*** Test Cases ***
    Log  Hello world

Log is a built-in keyword that logs the given parameter to the test report generated by Robot Framework.

With SeleniumLibrary,[6] writing tests for web applications is very easy too:

*** Test Cases ***
    Open Browser  ie
    Input Text  id=lst-ib  Hollywood Celebrities
    Click Button  Google Search

This test opens a new Internet Explorer browser window with Google and performs an Internet search for "Hollywood Celebrities" by pressing the button "Google Search".

With Robot Framework Browser,[7] automation can be done with Chromium, WebKit and Firefox.

*** Settings ***
Library   Browser*** Test Cases ***
Example Test
    New Page
    Get Text    h1    ==    🎭 Playwright


These libraries are best implemented in Python, but using Java or .NET is also possible.

Other languages such as Perl, JavaScript, and PHP can be used for libraries as well, using the remote library interface. See Robot Framework User Guide and documentation for more information.

See also


  1. ^ "Robot Framework Homepage" . Retrieved January 20, 2019.
  2. ^ "Laukkanen, Pekka: "Data-Driven and Keyword-Driven Test Automation Frameworks", 2006" . Retrieved March 23, 2018.
  3. ^ "Robot Framework Pypi Page" . Retrieved March 23, 2018.
  4. ^ "User Guide 3.1.2" . Retrieved February 14, 2020.
  5. ^ "RIDE Homepage" . Retrieved February 14, 2020.
  6. ^ "Robot Selenium Library" . Retrieved March 23, 2018.
  7. ^ "Robot Framework Broswe" . Retrieved August 5, 2020.

External links


Information as of: 15.08.2021 01:11:06 CEST

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