WikiFox

Langres



Langres (French pronunciation: [lɑ̃ɡʁ] (About this soundlisten)) is a commune in northeastern France. It is a subprefecture of the department of Haute-Marne, in the region of Grand Est.

Langres
View of Langres from the southeast
View of Langres from the southeast
Location of Langres
Coordinates:
CountryFrance
RegionGrand Est
DepartmentHaute-Marne
ArrondissementLangres
CantonLangres
IntercommunalityGrand Langres
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Anne Cardinal
Area
1
22.33 km2 (8.62 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018)[1]
7,699
 • Density340/km2 (890/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
52269 /52200
Elevation327–475 m (1,073–1,558 ft)
(avg. 475 m or 1,558 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Contents


History

As the capital of the Romanized Gallic tribe known as the Lingones, it was called Andematunnum, then Lingones, and now Langres.

A hilltop town, Langres was built on a limestone promontory of the same name. This stronghold was originally occupied by people of the tribe Lingones. At a later date the Romans fortified the town they called Andemantunum, located at a strategic crossroads of twelve Roman roads.[citation needed] The first-century Triumphal Gate and the many artefacts exhibited in the museums are remnants of the town's Gallo-Roman history. After the period of invasions, the town prospered in the Middle Ages, due in part to the growing political influence of its bishops. The diocese covered Champagne, the Duchy of Burgundy, and Franche-Comté, and the bishops obtained the right to coin money in the ninth century and to name the military governor of the city in 927. The Bishop of Langres was a duke and peer of France. The troubled 14th and 15th centuries caused the town to strengthen its defenses, which still give the old city its fortified character, and Langres entered a period of royal tutelage. The Renaissance, which returned prosperity to the town, saw the construction of numerous fine civil, religious and military buildings that still stand today. In the 19th century, a "Vauban" citadel was added.


Main sights

Langres has a historic town center surrounded by defensive walls with a dozen towers and seven gates.

The cathedral of Saint-Mammès is a late 12th-century structure dedicated to Mammes of Caesarea, a 3rd-century martyr.


Culture

Langres is home to producers of an AOC-protected cheese of the same name. It is a soft, pungent cow's milk cheese that is known for its rind, which is washed.

The town was long known for its cutlery industry. Didier Diderot, father of encyclopedist Denis, was a cutler.[2]

A museum called the Denis Diderot House of Enlightenment opened in 2013. This museum, set up in a private mansion from the 16th and 18th centuries, is dedicated to the philosopher Denis Diderot .[citation needed]


Notable people

Langres was the birthplace of:


Climate

Langres features an oceanic climate (Cfb), closely bordering on a humid continental climate (Dfb) due to its altitude. Summers are moderately hot and sunny, winters are cold, foggy and often snowy.

Climate data for Langres (1981–2010 averages)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 14.5
(58.1)
17.7
(63.9)
21.9
(71.4)
26.2
(79.2)
29.8
(85.6)
34.1
(93.4)
35.9
(96.6)
37.6
(99.7)
31.6
(88.9)
25.7
(78.3)
21.1
(70.0)
15.5
(59.9)
37.6
(99.7)
Average high °C (°F) 3.4
(38.1)
5.1
(41.2)
9.4
(48.9)
13.1
(55.6)
17.4
(63.3)
20.8
(69.4)
23.5
(74.3)
23.2
(73.8)
18.9
(66.0)
13.8
(56.8)
7.6
(45.7)
4.1
(39.4)
13.4
(56.1)
Average low °C (°F) −1.3
(29.7)
−0.7
(30.7)
2.1
(35.8)
4.6
(40.3)
8.7
(47.7)
11.7
(53.1)
13.9
(57.0)
13.9
(57.0)
10.6
(51.1)
7.2
(45.0)
2.4
(36.3)
−0.3
(31.5)
6.1
(43.0)
Record low °C (°F) −18.1
(−0.6)
−21.2
(−6.2)
−13.2
(8.2)
−6.6
(20.1)
−2.9
(26.8)
2.5
(36.5)
5.1
(41.2)
5.1
(41.2)
2.1
(35.8)
−4.5
(23.9)
−10.7
(12.7)
−16.4
(2.5)
−21.2
(−6.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 80.5
(3.17)
64.9
(2.56)
65.5
(2.58)
59.9
(2.36)
82.4
(3.24)
70.0
(2.76)
74.4
(2.93)
67.1
(2.64)
72.1
(2.84)
86.8
(3.42)
83.5
(3.29)
88.4
(3.48)
895.5
(35.26)
Average precipitation days 12.4 10.6 11.4 10.4 12.6 10.3 9.5 8.9 9.4 11.9 11.9 12.9 132.0
Average snowy days 7.6 6.9 5.4 3.2 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 3.5 6.2 33.4
Average relative humidity (%) 90 84 78 72 74 73 71 74 79 86 89 91 80.1
Mean monthly sunshine hours 61.7 86.3 139.1 171.9 194.0 213.9 225.8 219.6 169.6 111.9 60.7 48.4 1,702.8
Source 1: Météo France[3][4]
Source 2: Infoclimat.fr (humidity and snowy days, 1961–1990)[5]

International relations

Langres is twinned with:


See also


Gallery


References

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2018" . INSEE. 28 December 2020.
  2. ^ Génin, M.F. (1862). Œuvres choisies de Diderot, précédées de sa vie [Selected Works of Diderot, Prefaced with his Biography] (in French). Paris: Librairie de Firmin Didot Frères, Fils et Compagnie.
  3. ^ "Données climatiques de la station de Langres" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved December 31, 2015.
  4. ^ "Climat Champagne-Ardenne" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved December 31, 2015.
  5. ^ "Normes et records 1961-1990: Langres (52) - altitude 467m" (in French). Infoclimat. Retrieved December 31, 2015.
  6. ^ "British towns twinned with French towns" . Archant Community Media Ltd. Archived from the original on 2013-07-05. Retrieved 2013-07-11.

External links






Source


Information as of: 11.08.2021 05:38:22 CEST

Source: Wikipedia (Authors [History])    License of the text: CC-BY-SA-3.0. Creators and licenses of the individual images and media can either be found in the caption or can be displayed by clicking on the image.

Changes: Design elements were rewritten. Wikipedia specific links (like "Redlink", "Edit-Links"), maps, niavgation boxes were removed. Also some templates. Icons have been replaced by other icons or removed. External links have received an additional icon.

Please note: Because the given content is automatically taken from Wikipedia at the given point of time, a manual verification was and is not possible. Therefore WikiFox.org does not guarantee the accuracy and actuality of the acquired content. If there is an Information which is wrong at the moment or has an inaccurate display please feel free to contact us: email.
See also: Legal Notice & Privacy policy.