1685 (MDCLXXXV) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar, the 1685th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 685th year of the 2nd millennium, the 85th year of the 17th century, and the 6th year of the 1680s decade. As of the start of 1685, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
1685 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1685
Ab urbe condita2438
Armenian calendar1134
Assyrian calendar6435
Balinese saka calendar1606–1607
Bengali calendar1092
Berber calendar2635
English Regnal year36 Cha. 2 – 1 Ja. 2
Buddhist calendar2229
Burmese calendar1047
Byzantine calendar7193–7194
Chinese calendar甲子(Wood Rat)
4381 or 4321
    — to —
乙丑年 (Wood Ox)
4382 or 4322
Coptic calendar1401–1402
Discordian calendar2851
Ethiopian calendar1677–1678
Hebrew calendar5445–5446
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1741–1742
 - Shaka Samvat1606–1607
 - Kali Yuga4785–4786
Holocene calendar11685
Igbo calendar685–686
Iranian calendar1063–1064
Islamic calendar1096–1097
Japanese calendarJōkyō 2
Javanese calendar1607–1609
Julian calendarGregorian minus 10 days
Korean calendar4018
Minguo calendar227 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar217
Thai solar calendar2227–2228
Tibetan calendar阳木鼠年
(male Wood-Rat)
1811 or 1430 or 658
    — to —
(female Wood-Ox)
1812 or 1431 or 659





Date unknown




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  2. ^ "Wigtown Martyrs" . Undiscovered Scotland. Retrieved October 26, 2011.
  3. ^ a b Harris, Tim (2004). "Scott (Crofts), James, duke of Monmouth and first duke of Buccleuch (1649–1685)" . Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/24879 . Retrieved October 26, 2011. (subscription or UK public library membership required)
  4. ^ Roberts, J: History of the World, Penguin, 1994.
  5. ^ Fétis, François-Joseph (1866). Biographie Universelle des Musiciens et Bibliographie Générale de la Musique . Gallica (in French). 4 (2nd ed.). Paris: Firmin-Didot et Cie. p. 209.
  6. ^ "Were there really women pirates?" . Retrieved February 17, 2021.
  7. ^ "Charles II | Biography, Accomplishments, & Facts" . Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved December 30, 2020.


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