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Saint-Dizier



Saint-Dizier (French pronunciation: ​[sɛ̃.di.zje]) is a commune in the Haute-Marne department in north-eastern France.

Saint-Dizier
The Notre-Dame church in Saint-Dizier
The Notre-Dame church in Saint-Dizier
Location of Saint-Dizier
Coordinates:
CountryFrance
RegionGrand Est
DepartmentHaute-Marne
ArrondissementSaint-Dizier
CantonSaint-Dizier-1, 2 and 3
IntercommunalityCA Saint-Dizier Der et Blaise
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Quentin Briere[1]
Area
1
47.69 km2 (18.41 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018)[2]
23,382
 • Density490/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
52448 /52100
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

It has a population of 23,382 (2018 figure) and is a subprefecture of the department. Although Saint-Dizier is marginally the most populous commune in Haute-Marne, the préfecture (capital) resides in the somewhat smaller commune of Chaumont.

Contents


Geography

Aerial view

Located approximately 120 miles (193 km) east of Paris, halfway to Strasbourg, it is five miles from Western Europe's largest man-made lake, Lake Der-Chantecoq.


Climate

Climate data for Saint-Dizier (1981–2010 averages)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 17.7
(63.9)
22.6
(72.7)
25.2
(77.4)
29.4
(84.9)
31.8
(89.2)
36.8
(98.2)
39.0
(102.2)
40.4
(104.7)
33.7
(92.7)
29.2
(84.6)
23.4
(74.1)
18.6
(65.5)
40.4
(104.7)
Average high °C (°F) 6.1
(43.0)
7.6
(45.7)
11.7
(53.1)
15.4
(59.7)
19.7
(67.5)
22.8
(73.0)
25.5
(77.9)
25.1
(77.2)
20.8
(69.4)
16.0
(60.8)
10.0
(50.0)
6.6
(43.9)
15.7
(60.3)
Average low °C (°F) 0.3
(32.5)
0.3
(32.5)
2.8
(37.0)
4.9
(40.8)
9.1
(48.4)
12.0
(53.6)
14.1
(57.4)
13.7
(56.7)
10.6
(51.1)
7.7
(45.9)
3.6
(38.5)
1.3
(34.3)
6.7
(44.1)
Record low °C (°F) −19.5
(−3.1)
−22.5
(−8.5)
−13.6
(7.5)
−6.0
(21.2)
−3.0
(26.6)
2.2
(36.0)
3.2
(37.8)
3.7
(38.7)
0.2
(32.4)
−5.1
(22.8)
−11.7
(10.9)
−17.3
(0.9)
−22.5
(−8.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 71.8
(2.83)
60.5
(2.38)
66.2
(2.61)
60.2
(2.37)
72.4
(2.85)
65.9
(2.59)
70.4
(2.77)
68.8
(2.71)
74.2
(2.92)
78.6
(3.09)
69.5
(2.74)
85.2
(3.35)
843.7
(33.22)
Average precipitation days 12.2 10.6 11.8 10.4 11.0 10.3 9.6 9.0 9.6 11.4 12.2 13.1 131.1
Average snowy days 6.3 5.2 3.6 1.4 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.5 4.5 23.6
Average relative humidity (%) 86 81 78 73 74 75 74 77 81 85 87 86 79.8
Mean monthly sunshine hours 66.4 80.3 136.8 174.2 210.7 220.0 228.0 220.5 166.3 117.7 58.4 47.6 1,726.9
Source 1: Météo France[3][4]
Source 2: Infoclimat.fr (humidity and snowy days, 1961–1990)[5]

History

Named after an unknown saint (possibly Desiderius of Fontenelle), the town originated as a fortified settlement around a thirteenth-century château, eventually becoming a royal fortress to guard the French kingdom's eastern approaches. The town was besieged and captured by Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, in the summer of 1544. A fire in 1775 destroyed two-thirds of the town center. The château was owned by the Orléans family until the French Revolution, was a base for German troops during World War II, and currently houses the Municipal Museum.


Population

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 5,500—    
1800 5,824+0.82%
1806 5,614−0.61%
1821 5,817+0.24%
1831 6,163+0.58%
1836 6,366+0.65%
1841 5,705−2.17%
1846 7,136+4.58%
1851 7,429+0.81%
1856 7,642+0.57%
1861 8,077+1.11%
1866 10,170+4.72%
1872 11,229+1.66%
1876 12,754+3.23%
1881 12,773+0.03%
1886 13,458+1.05%
1891 13,372−0.13%
1896 13,947+0.85%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901 14,601+0.92%
1906 14,661+0.08%
1911 16,019+1.79%
1921 17,576+0.93%
1926 19,019+1.59%
1931 18,292−0.78%
1936 19,149+0.92%
1946 19,532+0.20%
1954 25,515+3.40%
1962 34,407+3.81%
1968 36,616+1.04%
1975 37,266+0.25%
1982 35,189−0.82%
1990 33,552−0.59%
1999 30,900−0.91%
2007 26,962−1.69%
2012 25,280−1.28%
2017 24,012−1.02%
Source: EHESS[6] and INSEE (1968-2017)[7]

Notable people

Saint-Dizier is the birthplace of


See also


References

  1. ^ "Répertoire national des élus: les maires" . data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 2 December 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  2. ^ "Populations légales 2018" . INSEE. 28 December 2020.
  3. ^ "Données climatiques de la station de Saint-Dizier" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved January 4, 2016.
  4. ^ "Climat Champagne-Ardenne" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved January 4, 2016.
  5. ^ "Normes et records 1961-1990: Saint-Dizier - Robinson (52) - altitude 139m" (in French). Infoclimat. Retrieved January 4, 2016.
  6. ^ Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Saint-Dizier , EHESS. (in French)
  7. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968 , INSEE

External links






Source


Information as of: 27.08.2021 02:18:17 CEST

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